Climate Change is one of the most challenging issues of the 21st century. Our climate is changing drastically day by day. There are many factors behind it. The biggest reason is the emission of harmful gases produced by the developed countries. We are also accomplices in this crime. Carbon gases are emitted from vehicles, transport machinery, and industries. They produce greenhouse gases. Another big factor behind climate change is deforestation. 30% of forests have vanished due to the cutting of trees and burning of forests. Earth lost 18.7 million acres of forests which directly impacted our climate. The use of plastic is dangerous to our climate which is burned by us that pollutes the environment. Moreover, the water crisis is alarming in the world where Pakistan, Iraq, and India are situated. This crisis was also set off by climate change. As a result, our farmers and food security are at risk.
Recently in Iraq, there was a storm of sand because of climate change. Scientists have discovered that our temperature will rise up to 1.5% which is too high. This will give serious rains, storms, and floods meanwhile glaciers will melt vigorously. Migration will occur in regions that arise administrational, food security, and economic problems. The water crisis is an alarming problem, which affects developing countries. Using smart technologies for the irrigation systems to save water from wasting will work.
A report issued by German Watch in 1999 says that ”Pakistan will be the most affected country by Climate change.’’ Developing countries including Pakistan which majorly depends upon agricultural crops are at more risk.
Climate change is an international political problem. 193 Countries of the world joined Paris Agreement. America withdrew from the agreement in 2019 which is the biggest producer of Carbon Gases. This country emits 6.6 billion Metric tons of carbon. The agreement motive was not to increase the temperature by 1%. The global population has increased by over 70%. Which is consuming animal beef which produces Methane that is harmful to the climate.
A report issued by German Watch in 1999 says that ‘’Pakistan will be the most affected country by Climate change’’ Developing countries including Pakistan which majorly depends upon agricultural crops are at more risk. Crops depend upon water, sunlight, and nutrient soil which are affected by climate change. Recently in 2020, Pakistan produced 10% less wheat. And now in the Sindh and Balochistan regions, farmers are protesting against water shortage.
Pakistan is working on a climate project billion tree tsunami. The government is planting billions of trees to control climate change. The government is changing coal thermal energy into solar power energy. Climate Ministry launched the “Eco-System Restoration Fund’’ for fighting climate issue that happens in Pakistan.
We have to plant more and more so that we can contribute our share in the attempts to protect environment. We need to use sustainable energy resources that produce less emission of dangerous gases. We have to move to electric vehicles and trains, instead of using coal trains,. Along with shifting to electric vehicles, we have to prefer public transport. We have to do awareness campaign on climate change and its consequences. Student can play an important role in this, by campaigning about climate change in academic circles and beyond by organizing seminars for public awareness. We all have to understand our responsibilities to fight climate change.